There are many questions about CBD oil: What is CBD? What is THC? Is it legal? Is it the same as marijuana?
In a recent interview with Dr. Russell Zwanka, a Siena College Food Marketing Researcher and a published author on CBD oil, he broke down exactly what CBD is and what you need to know. According to Dr. Zwanka, inside the cannabis plant is more than a hundred of what are called “cannabinoids.” CBD is a one of the cannabinoids inside the plant with less than 0.3 percent THC. THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is another cannabinoid inside the cannabis plant.
Both CBD and THC have effects on the body and especially the brain receptors associated with thinking, memory, pleasure, coordination, and time perception, but in very different ways. THC is a psychoactive substance and causes the “high” feeling whereas CBD is not a psychoactive cannabinoid.
What are the effects of CBD oil on your brain?
CBD has been known to provide relief for ailments such as inflammation, arthritis, help with sleep, bone growth, bone disease, seizures, anxiety, and certain types of cancer. With millions of these claims, it begs the question, what is it doing to our brains and our bodies?
According to Leafly, when a substance reaches the brain after hitting the bloodstream, it will “influence brain activity by interacting with receptors and neurons.”
You don’t have load up on unhealthy candies this holiday season. These treats are low-calorie, all-natural, and healthy– with a twist of relaxation, instead of making you hyper. This recipe is made with real fruit and no added sugar in the candy. You can leave off the confectioners sugar coating if you like.
To give your gummies that distinctive chewiness; we need to incorporate agar-ager powder, or gelatin powder. The result is an amazingly soft and chewy CBD gummy! Instead of gelatin powder, you may also add some cornstarch for the gummy body to make your gummies stable and chewy.
Line a baking tray with plastic wrap like Saran wrap. Set aside.
Puree your chosen fruit until smooth.
Combine the pureed fruit, water, lemon or lime juice, and honey in a small saucepan. Bring to a simmer.
Remove from the heat. Add your Agar-Agar powder or gelatin gradually to avoid lumps while continuously mixing.
Return the mixture to the heat and bring it back to simmering temperature, until the gelatin has fully melted and the mixture turns glassy and smooth.
Add Berry or Natural CBD oil
Strain the mixture through a sieve onto your lined baking tray. Remove any bubbles using either a toothpick or spoon.
Place in the refrigerator to set overnight, or for 8 to 12 hours.
Put the confectioner sugar in a plastic bag
Remove your candy from the fridge and cut into squares.
Toss your candy into the sugar. Shake until well dusted
How well CBD works in your body will depend on various factors but one of these will be your body’s own cannabinoid level. Taking CBD will provide an increase of cannabinoids, to those your body already naturally has.
Some people who have lower levels of naturally-occurring cannabinoids have to take CBD oil daily to allow the CBD to build up in their system. That is why some individuals have to take CBD longer before they feel the effects.
How would you know if you’re one of those people?
If you take the product and you feel like nothing has changed or it isn’t working, this may be a sign that you need to have the CBD build up in your body. You might be the person who can take CBD whenever you feel the need and feel the effects immediately, or you may need to take CBD everyday and let it build up, due to lower levels of your body’s naturally-occurring cannabinoids.
How To “Build up” More Cannabinoids
If you do need to build up more cannabinoids, it is recommended taking your CBD oil with a food that is high in healthy fats. Some foods that are high in healthy fats are avocados, salmon, raw nuts, and seeds. Fortunate Source CBD uses MTC (coconut) oil as the carrier oil. This is a perfect healthy fat. But you can always boost it with another food that contains good healthy fats.
Additionally, you always want to make sure you’re getting your CBD products from a reputable source. Fortunate Source has a high-quality CBD sourced by farmers who practice organic farming methods, all batches are lab tested before and after in a GMP certified lab. Our lab has been in business for 20 years producing vitamins and supplements.
How to Reduce “Build up” and Lower Tolerance
On the other hand, if you fall into this category, you will want to take a different approach. Lowering your tolerance means cutting down on how much and how often you take CBD.
Rather than taking it every day cut it to three times per week and see how you feel. You may find all you need is one time per week. If you need CBD only when you have to address a particular issue then taking it only when the need arises may be the best way to go. This is something everyone will have to address at some point in their wellness routine. Find what works best for you.
Tinctures are without a doubt a mainstay for hemp extract enthusiasts, carving a niche in the CBD world since the legalization of the 2018 Farm Bill.
A tincture is any type of plant extract dissolved in alcohol. Traditionally, old-fashioned tinctures were made (and still are) with alcohol, vodka, or other spirits. Technically, not all CBD extracts are tinctures but they have come to be called tinctures. To be a true tincture, alcohol must be used; if alcohol is not used, then it is technically an extract. Technically, Fortunate Source CBD is an extract. We use Supercritical (sCO 2) to extract the CBD. Nevertheless, the mainstream is accepting “tincture” as the popular word to describe CBD oils, which can be confusing.
Fortunate Source CBD
Fortunate Source CBD comes in small portable bottles. These bottles are easy to tote around, and come in amber, glass to protect the product from sunlight. Fortunate Source uses MCT as the carrier oil, as a result our CBD tincture has a 24 month shelf-life rather than the 12 month with a hemp oil as the carrier oil. Fortunate Source Broad-spectrum and Full-spectrum also contain countless other cannabinoids, terpenes, and other organic compounds found naturally in the hemp plant. The CBD Isolate we carry is exactly that; isolated CBD with nothing else except of course the carrier oil.
CBD Tincture: How to Use it
CBD Tinctures are extremely versatile – they can be used orally or sublingually. While these two methods of action both involve taking CBC Tincture via your mouth, they actually have fairly different outcomes.
Fortunate Source CBD oils have a small (measured) dropper top. Users can administer them orally by dropping the tincture into the mouth and swallowing it. This causes the CBD to be absorbed via the stomach, and processed through the digestive system before reaching the bloodstream. If you choose this method it is best to take it with food for better absorption.
Sublingual usage is when the CBD Tincture is applied directly under the tongue and held for at least 30 seconds. This area is rich in blood vessels and is protected by extremely thin skin. This application introduces the CBE directly into the bloodstream. This way is fast acting and a more direct way to experience the CBD than when tincture is swallowed.
Should I Use a CBD Tincture?
CBD Tinctures are one of the most popular ways to use hemp extracts; their portable, easy to use, have long shelf life, and offer versatile choices for administering. You can add the CBD tinctures to tea, coffee, sports drinks and more. Fortunate Source offers a proprietary blend of mint, and berry along with the natural flavor which is virtually flavorless. We also offer free shipping on any size order sent directly to you. To see the line of CBD Tinctures and learn more about each product, check out our online CBD store.
A Brief History of Cannabis Laws in the Netherlands
The oldest recorded use of cannabis in the Netherlands dates back to the Neolithic period (over 2200 BC). During the medieval ages, Europeans (including the Dutch) used hemp for textiles, shoes, ropes, ship sails, and paper, and they also started discovering and recording the plant’s medicinal properties.
The use of hemp in the Netherlands reached its peak during the Dutch Golden Age (17th century) when the country became a world leader in science, trade, military conquests, and art.
The Dutch were great seafarers, and they had prospering colonies in Africa, Asia, and South America. The Dutch naval units needed tons of hemp for their maritime and trade activities, making hemp one of the most important crops of the 17th century.
Another important use of hemp was for canvas and cloth used by famous painters, including Rembrandt, Vermeer, and Hals.
In the 19th century, the Dutch started using cannabis as a medicine.
The Difference Between Hemp & Marijuana
Hemp and marijuana are both cannabis plants, but they vary in one important way — THC content. Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is one of the many cannabinoids found in cannabis — mainly known for its psychoactive properties.
It’s essential to make a distinction between hemp and marijuana — their treatment as the same plant has caused many troubles throughout history. Some countries in the world still consider hemp in the same classification as marijuana.
Marijuana is a term used to describe Cannabis sativa plants with high THC concentrations. Most European countries treat any cannabis plant as marijuana if its THC content exceeds 0.2% (this limit can vary from one country or region to another).
Marijuana is mostly used for recreational purposes due to its high THC content (30%). Some countries have medical cannabis programs that allow marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Hemp is a term used to describe Cannabis sativa plants with low concentrations of THC. They’re primarily grown for their fiber and seeds for various textiles, materials, cordage, and food. More recently hemp plants have become popular as a nutritional supplement for their low THC content, and relatively high CBD concentration.
Hemp is non-psychoactive because it contains only small traces of THC.
Is CBD Legal in the Netherlands?
The Opium Act restricts hemp, its extracts, and cannabinoids (THC and its isomers), but it doesn’t explicitly mention CBD. In the Netherlands, CBD products are tolerated and available over the counter if their THC concentration doesn’t exceed 0.05%.
What is The Opium Act?
In 1919, the Netherlands introduced its first Opium Law (List I of the Opium Law), regulating highly addictive drugs. The law was amended in 1928 with the addition of new drugs to List I, and a new List II.
The List I drugs of the Opium law include:
Hemp oil (concentrate of plants from the Cannabis species (hemp) obtained by extraction of hemp or hashish, whether or not mixed with oil)
The isomers of THC (CBD is a THC isomer)
List II drugs of the Opium law include:
Hemp (all parts of the plant from the Cannabis species (hemp), of which the resin has not been extracted, except the seeds)
How are Hemp and CBD Regulated in the Netherlands?
The cultivation of industrial hemp with less than 0.2% became legal in the Netherlands in 1999 after the European Union (EU) encouraged member states to grow hemp by giving them subsidies.
Farmers are allowed to grow and process EU-certified hemp varieties for fiber and seeds but aren’t permitted to process it for CBD due to the ban on hemp extractions.
CBD made from domestically grown hemp is legal only if the hemp is processed abroad and then sold as a final product back in the Netherlands.
Despite the prohibitionist Opium Law on hemp and hemp-derived oils, CBD is tolerated in the Netherlands and treated as a legal product. If you want to buy CBD, there are three rules by which you should abide:
Your CBD must not contain more than 0.05% THC
The CBD product you’re buying shouldn’t contain any health claims
You shouldn’t consume more than 160 mg CBD per day
The Novel Food Regulation & CBD Laws
Under the EU Novel Food Regulation, any food that was not consumed in significant amounts prior to May 1997 is considered a novel food. CBD is classified as a novel food and requires an EU authorization to be placed on the market.
The regulation is non-binding but applicable since January 2018, meaning that member-states of the EU aren’t obliged to enforce it but can implement it in their national law. Several European countries decided to apply the regulation and ordered retailers to stop selling CBD foods.
The Dutch Food and Consumer Product Safety (NVWA) hasn’t made any such changes yet. Still, the Ministry of Health said that they’re working together with the food authority on further decisions around CBD regulations.
Currently, you can legally buy CBD foods and food supplements with 0.05% THC.
Night creams, day creams, skincare lotions, the list goes on, and needless to say, there are so many options to choose from. One of my main concerns and I’m sure many of you feel the same, is using a product that is not tested on animals.
Cruelty Free Cream
Cruelty-free products are important to millions of people. Estée Lauder is the parent company of many subsidiaries, some of which still test their products on helpless animals. These include its namesake brand, as well as Clinique, Bobbi Brown, La Mer, Origins, and others.
Fortunate Source Body Butter is a multi-purpose all-natural-emollient cream, never tested on animals. It is an excellent daily moisturizer for when the weather starts getting cold and your skin starts losing moisture. The CBD helps to brighten-up the skin when you want to simply wear a nice day cream. The texture of the cream is such that it can be worn under make-up without creating a tacky, sticky mess. You do not have to sacrifice quality with Fortunate Source. We offer a high-end cream that is also cruelty-free, that you will feel good about using.
Let’s talk about sensitive skin; certain people with highly sensitive skin will definitely appreciate this natural option. Finally, you will experience the intense hydration of a high-end night cream with the complete confidence that you will not have any adverse reaction. Nothing feels better than taking off your make-up at the end of the day and putting on a night cream that is luxurious and smells fabulous. “I am allergic to everything, and this is the only cream I have found that has never made my skin break out.” Anna Maria Mano, Fortunate Source customer
There may be more to Anna Maria’s claim than meets the eye, according to a study that was conducted by Israeli scientist in 2012, CBD was shown to activate both the cannabinoid PPA Gamma receptor in the skin, which is more than likely responsible for the reported benefits of; improved moisture and protecting the skin barrier, anti-inflammatory benefits, antipruritic, reduces acne, helps with psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis.
It was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago. It has been grown and used all over the world. The first president of the United States of America even grew it as a cash crop.
Is it cotton? No—it’s hemp.
Hemp was a major cash crop in the Eastern United States until 1937, when it was outlawed as a Schedule 1 controlled substance. Since then, hemp has been illegal to grow and sell until almost a year ago, when President Trump signed the 2018 Farm Bill, legalizing hemp by removing it from the Controlled Substances Act. Late last month, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue announced a program that would allow farmers to grow hemp under federally-approved plans and make hemp producers eligible for a number of agricultural programs. This is big news for the hemp industry.
Our water, air, and land are being polluted more than ever by textile manufacturing byproducts and plastic microparticles. With its resurgence as a cash crop and ability to integrate into regenerative farming practices, hemp might be the answer to our problems.
According to the EPA, over 260 million tons of waste is produced each year; most of this waste ends up in landfills and most of it is non-biodegradable. In addition to its application in farming systems shown in our Industrial Hemp Trial, hemp products can be used as environmentally-friendly alternatives for everyday items that end up in the trash. Here are five.
In recent years, the use of marijuana and CBD for the treatment of a variety of conditions has risen significantly. Specifically, CBD has been found to have potential health benefits for symptoms like insomnia. Here’s a little background on what CBD is and how it impacts your sleep and body.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that bind or attach to certain receptors in the central nervous system and act as chemical messengers. Depending on the specific cannabinoid, it may have varied effects on the body.
The most well-known and probably most researched cannabinoids include cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). We know that THC is the cannabinoid that leads to the “buzz or high” from cannabis use. CBD differs from THC and does not cause psychoactive effects or a “high.” Because it does not cause the psychoactive effects and it might help certain conditions, such as pain, anxiety, and insomnia, CBD is gaining traction as a possible treatment for several diseases.
The Endocannabinoid System and Sleep
Researchers discovered that the endocannabinoid system plays a role in maintaining certain body functions, such as mood, appetite, sleep, and regulating circadian rhythms. Within the endocannabinoid system is a network of cannabinoid receptors in the brain and central nervous system.The two primary receptors identified are CB1 and CB2.
Cannabinoids attach to these cells and have various effects. As far as how they may affect sleep, some research indicates that the cannabinoid CBD may interact with specific receptors, potentially affecting the sleep/wake cycle.
Additionally, CBD may also decrease anxiety and pain, which can both interfere with restful sleep. By reducing certain symptoms, it’s also possible that sleep may improve.
The dementia-related conditions that can be helped by CBD include: Alzheimer’s disease, Vascular Dementia, Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Parkinson’s disease, Frontotemporal dementia and Huntington’s disease.
According to researchers at California’s Salk Institute, their 2017 study has found evidence that cannabinoids such as CBD could help remove dementia from, and increase connections between, brain cells. Those results were validated by other laboratories. While the US Food and Drug Administration has yet to approve a CBD drug for the purposes of treating dementia, it has approved a CBD-based drug for treating epilepsy.
There are three ways CBD can work to improve health outcomes for persons with dementia: by reducing inflammation, by reducing oxygen buildup, and by working as a brain stimulant and neuroprotectant. From a user’s perspective, CBD may reduce stress and anxiety in the individual with dementia as well as reduce the decline of memory and other brain functions.
It should be noted that much controversy surrounds CBD and the claims companies have made as to its positive effects. The FDA warns that CBD can cause liver injury (as shown in some animal experiments with super high doses) and affect metabolism of other drugs. The agency also says that long-term side effects remain unknown.
A single dose of cannabidiol (CBD) helped increase blood flow to the hippocampus, an important area of the brain associated with memory and emotion, finds a new study led by UCL researchers.
Researchers say the findings could be an important discovery for conditions which affect memory, such as Alzheimer’s disease and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and could help better target therapies.
In the study, published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, researchers set out to investigate how CBD influences cerebral blood flow in different regions on the brain involved in memory processing.
Lead author, Dr Michael Bloomfield (UCL Psychiatry) said: “Cannabidiol is one of the main constituents of cannabis and is gaining interest for its therapeutic potential.
“There is evidence that CBD may help reduce symptoms of psychosis and anxiety. There is some evidence to suggest that CBD may improve memory function.